5 things you must do at the start of Financial Year in NGO

New Financial Year has just started, and everyone is busy in closing books of accounts of last year. Sometimes, the closing of financial year is done in the month of June or July. If Accounts and Finance running from one financial year to another as it is, without change, sooner or later, it will become absolute. So, this is my advice that at least follow this 5 things at the beginning of the Financial Year.

1. Annual Budget

NGO has establish to fulfill a mission with the vision in mind. And to achieve that, one needs long term plan which breakdown in a yearly column. That is called Annual Budget.  Now a days, its a trend that from big funding agency to CSR companies to small donors, everyone asking whether you have prepared Annual Budget or not. The right time for the preparation of Annual Budget for NGOs is in the Last week of March or first week of April, not later than that. Read this blog on Annual Budget.

 

2. Changes in Multi-Year Projects

If you  have multi year project, most likely budget of such project will change with the change in financial year. Mostly salaries and staff payments have incremental components and increase in the next financial year. Thus, Accountant must have to ascertain such changes in new financial year  in particular budget and should communicate to program team well in advance.

 

3. Update Financial Manual

Financial Manual is a policy document and need to review every year. Every year, there are many changes in laws and regulations which affects the financial transactions of your organization. Generally, accountant used to start following the new laws and regulation but forget to modify Financial Manual Accordingly.

Example

Cash Expenditure limit was decreased from Rs. 20000 to Rs. 10000. But still many NGO has the limit of Rs. 20000 in their Financial Manual. Nobody bothers to read and update it.

 

4. Splitting Tally Database

Mostly, Accountants in NGOs are lazy to split Tally company and whereby separating database according to Financial Years.  I have seen many NGO accounts, where tally database is same since last 8 to 10 years. Obviously, because of this, size of database increase and speed to work in Tally getting slow to worse. So, It is advisable to split the tally company at the end of the Financial Year.

 

5. Chart of Accounts

Chart of Account is the base of accurate accounting and desirable presentations of Income & Expenditure Accounts and Balance Sheet of NGOs. As, compared to corporate, NGO do not have standard format for its Financial Documents. I observed, that accountant creates and alters ledger accounts as and when required. So, this is one of the important point to follow at the start of the Financial Year to prepare Chart of Accounts or modified according to the need.

 

Did I miss something?

Hope this will help you in your NGO, if you have any question,  you can ask here or chat with us. Also your comments are welcome on the above subjects.

 

[av_two_third first av_uid='av-tmu29'] [av_textblock av_uid='av-klhvd'] View Larger Map [/av_textblock] [/av_two_third] [av_one_third av_uid='av-1ekex'] [av_textblock av_uid='av-7v5vd']
ADDRESS :
47/6, Bima Nagar, Opp Jhansi Statue,
Ahmedabad, Gujarat.
 
Phone - +91 79 26749976
Cell - +91 9825434411
 
email- contact@kcjmngo.com
 
[/av_textblock] [/av_one_third]

Is TDS applicable to NGO?

Yes, TDS is applicable to the NGOs. There is no general exemption that Trust, Society or Non Profit Organizations are exempt from deducting and paying TDS. It depends on the Financial Transactions and limits of TDS specified every year in the Financial Act. Thus if NGOs makes payments to specific persons above specific limits, needs to deduct and pay TDS within time line specified.

Look the info-graphic below regarding TDS.

Note : Above rates and limits are for FY 2018-19

Final Part – How to get Income Tax Refund of NGO Quickly

Before moving into final part of blog on the series of “How to get Income Tax Refund of NGO quickly ?” , lets revise earlier procedures. First of all you need to check refund status and find out for which year/years refunds are pending. (Click here to know procedure for refund status). Then, check whether your refund/return has been processed properly or not. This is very important step. (Click here to check intimation u/s. 143(1)) 

Final procedure to get Income Tax Refund of NGO quickly

So, once you checked that refund you claimed in the return and processed is same, you can submit request for re-issue of Refund. Follow following steps :-

Step 1 : Login to Income Tax Websitehttps://www.incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in/home


Step 2 : Go to “My Account” -> “Service Request”


Step 3 : Click on “New Reuest” -> “Refund Reissue” and click “Submit” button.


Step 4 : Select the year for which you need to re-issue refund.

Step 5 : Fill the Correct Bank details

Hopefully, you will get the refund amount in the bank account you have given within 15 to 20 days. If you want to know more about this or other technologies, follow the Tech News from TechSmash.net. Hope this will be helpful to your organization. If you have any query or any other problem, write in the comment section of this blog or email to us.

How to get Income Tax Refund of NGO? – Part2

We have already seen in last blog that, how to check status of refund of your NGO for years.

How to get Income Tax Refund of NGO quickly?

Once, you list out which years Income Tax Refund of NGO not received, we need to find out the reasons for the holding of such refunds. There are reasons behind holding you return, some of them mentioned below –

  1. Mismatch of Bank Details given in return
  2. Case transferred to AO for scrutiny
  3. Refund is adjusted against demand of Assessment Year or Years
  4. Errors in Income Tax Return
  5. Mismatch of TDS claimed in Return with 26AS

Intimation U/s 143(1)

To follow up for refund, one of the important document is “Intimation u/s. 143(1)”. After processing Income Tax Return of your NGO, department generally informed you about this in the form called “Intimation u/s. 143(1)” . This document is emailed to email addressed you mentioned in the ITR. This is important to find out how your Return is processed and what errors are generated and why refund is pending. It looks like this.

There is basically comparison between what you have filled in your ITR and how it is processed at IT department. There has to be same figures for both the columns. What is important is point no 49, which states REFUND. See below :-

If this two figures are same (Department column may be more because of Interest), It means your Income Tax Return is processed properly.  If you have not received to your address, you can even request to send it again.

Request for re-issue of 143(1) Intimation

This is how you can request for re-issue of intimation of particular years.

Step – 1 : Go to https://www.incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in/home

Step -2 : Login with your password

Step -3 : In “My Account” click on “Service Request”

Step -4 : Now select “Request Type” – New Request and “Request Category” – Intimation 143(1)

Step -5 : Click Submit, then enter as below:

Return Type – Income Tax

Assessment Year – As per your excel

Category – Intimation U/s. 143(1)

Sub Category – Resend by Email

Step -6 : Click Submit. Within 2 to 10 days, you will receive an email form Income tax department with attached 143(1) Intimation.

 

So, once you compare all the years Income Tax Refund, which are pending, with 143(1) intimation, you need to now request for re-issue of Refund.

Coming Soon – Part 3 How to request for re-issue of Refund of NGO

How to get Income Tax Refund of NGO quickly?

Income Tax Refund of NGO

Mostly, TDS is deducted by Banks on the Interest income of NGO. As, NGOs / Trusts are having 12A certificate of Income Tax Exemption, there is no tax on income of NGO and thus all TDS amount is to be refunded by Income Tax Department. However, due to technical and other problems, Income Tax Refund of NGOs are pending with the IT Department for many years. Lets have a look on how to get Income Tax Refund of NGO quickly. But before that you need to first make sure Income Tax Return of your NGO is properly filled in ITR7 form.

All you need to know about Income Tax Return of NGO – ITR7

Also need to check which years refunds are pending and why. So lets find out how to check status of refund of ngo.

There are two ways to check Income Tax Refund of NGO

1) from NSDL Website.

Go to this website : https://tin.tin.nsdl.com/oltas/refundstatuslogin.html , enter your PAN, Assessment Year and Captcha.

 

It will show you the status of your Refund. If Refund is already issued,it will show date when refund is credited to your Bank Account. If your refund was send by Department, but due some errors like wrong Bank Account Number or any such technical issues, it was returned and not credited to your Bank Accounts. In such a case you have to apply for re-issue of Refund. Third possibility is that your case is transferred to AO for scrutiny and thus refund is on hold.

2) With your login ID and Password

If you have login ID and Password of Income Tax Website, you can login and check status from there. If you do not have password, ask to your CA or consultant who has filled your online return.

Importnat Tip

You must keep password of your Income Tax Website with you. Never allow to give email or phone of your CA in your NGO return.

 

Go to this website :- https://www.incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in/home and login with UserID (your NGO PAN) and password.

Go to “My Account” button and click on “Refund/Demand Status”. Under this tab it will display Assessment Year, Status, Reason (for Refund Failure if any) and mode of payment.

Conclusion

Do not only rely on your CA or consultant for Income Tax Refund of NGO. Check your status of refund as mentioned above. In my next blog I will show you steps on how to get refund quickly, after checking refunds of which years are pending.

How to get Income Tax Refund of NGO quickly? – Part 2

5 Points to keep in mind while operating FCRA Bank Account

There are very strict rules regarding using Foreign Funds under FCRA (Foreign Contribution Regulation Act). Also, FCRA department has already cancelled licenses of many organization on the basis of non-compliance of rules and provisions of FCRA.

As per sec 17 of this Act, every NGO who has been registered under FCRA, has to open a separate Bank Account for receiving and utilizing foreign funds. Let us look at some of the 5 points you should keep in mind while operating FCRA Bank Account.

(1) Do not mix FC & NonFC Funds

Do not receive any funds other than foreign funds to your FCRA Bank Account. You can receive funds in Indian Rupees if it comes from foreign source. Utmost care should be taken while depositing cheques or giving bank account numbers to donor.

 

(2) Interest linking of FDs

You need to instruct very clearly to Bank regarding linking of FDs with your Bank Account. Care should be taken that only FDs from FC funds link with your FCRA bank account so as to receive interest in that bank account only.

 

(3) Online Donation

If you are accepting Donation online through your website or crowd funding website, your payment gateway should be capable of transferring FC money to FC Bank Account and NonFC money to NonFC Bank Account.

 

(4) Time Barred Cheques

Your accounting system should be such that at the every month, all the cheques which are time barred will be cancelled and reversed in the books of account automatically. Otherwise, what happen, in FCRA return expenses were reported, while your balance in FC bank accounts not reduced that much.

 

(5) Sub – FC (Utilization) Bank Account

If you have open a Sub-FC Bank Account for project utilization, do not accept funds directly in that bank account. You have to accept FC funds in Main FC account always and then transfer to Sub-FC Bank Account.

 

Hope this will help you in your NGO, if you have any question,  you can ask here or chat with us. Also your comments are welcome on the above subjects.

How to get CSR Funding for your NGO ?- Internal Control System

Why a company having huge CSR funds and want to implement genuine projects, should give funds to your organization ?  This is the question you should ask to yourself and do not indulge into the malpractices as mentioned in this part 1 of this CSR series.

How to get CSR funding for your NGO?-PART 1

Most of the organizations are good at what they are doing in terms of implementing projects and grass root work, but they are not good in maintaining documentations and showing their good work to the world. Read this Part 2 blog, where I mentioned how you should showcase your good work.

How to get CSR Funding for your NGO ?- Program Quality – PART 2

Before we go ahead with Part 3 of this series regarding maintenance of Financial and Internal Control System, look at this latest news regarding spending Rs. 2,80,00,00,00,000 in last three years under CSR by the companies.

Accounting and Financial Control System

When you are approaching companies for CSR funding, it is almost prerequisite that NGO’s Accounting and Financial Control system is matched with the industry standards. You have to remember this:-

  • Regular Accounting (zero backlog)
  • Accurate Accounting
  • High Quality of Supporting (Single rupee spent hast to be  supported by Bills and Vouchers)
  • Strong Internal Control System
  • Watertight Cash Management System
  • Efficient Advance Management System

 

Statutory Compliance

No company will be ready to fund your organization if you have not followed all the Statutory Compliance. As a first step, list down the following compliance and check which  you followed in your organization. For remaining compliance, why you are not following it. Take expert opinion whether it is applicable to your NGO or not.

  • 12A – 80G
  • TDS
  • Income Tax Act
  • GST
  • FCRA
  • PF
  • ESIC
  • Professional Tax
  • Trust and Society Act

 

Governance

How your NGOs working is governing by the members ? Is your NGO is  one man army? Is it look like Proprietorship or Partnership Firm? Whose taking decision and how? These are some of the questions which may be asked at the time or per-scrutiny of project.

  • Authority Matrix
  • Decision Flow
  • Rotation in the Board Members
  • Election or Selection procedure of new board members
  • General Meeting and Executive Body Meetings
  • Maintenance of Minutes of such meetings
  • Intimation of Change in the Board Members

 

Policies

Following policy documents should be prepared and implemented in the NGO

  • Financial Policy
  • HR Policy
  • Accounting Manual
  • General Work Policy
  • Anti Corruption Policy
  • Gender Policy
  • Child Policy, if applicable

Hope the above information will be useful to you in getting CSR funds. We will discuss in next part of this series on how to approach companies for CSR funding.

Part -4 How to approach companies for CSR funds? – Coming Soon

Disclaimer : This blog is purely for the education purpose and author is NOT providing any services to get CSR funding.

FCRA makes it compulsory to take DARPAN ID

As per FCRA latest notice, all the NGOs now need to acquire DARPAN Unique ID. This it the portal offered by NITI Aayog in association with National Informatics Center.

Also, it is mentioned in the notice, that all the all FCRA related services like Registration, Renewal, Filling of Return etc.. shall require DARPAN Unique ID.

Public Notice for DARPAN ID

[dg ids=”4516″]

How to Register for DARPAN ID

Step 1 – Login

http://www.ngodarpan.gov.in/

Click on “Register” button on right corner.

Step 2 – Enter Details

You have to give details of your organization – NAME, MOBILE and EMAIL. OTPs will be sent to given Mobile number and email.

Step 3 – Verify OTPs

Once you submit, OTPs will be send to your email and mobile. Also, here you need to provide PAN of your Organization and Name of mentioned in the PAN.

Step 4 – Create Password

Once your PAN is verified, Unique ID is generated and you need to create your own password for the login. Thereafter, it re-direct you to login page

How to give this Unique ID to FCRA

Once you get the Unique ID, you need to login to your FCRA account, where a pop up form appear, you need to provide Unique ID there. Refer our last blog.

Draft Guidelines providing stringent regulatory mechanism for NGOs

The Centre filed in Supreme Court on Wednesday its draft guidelines providing stringent regulatory mechanism for NGOs. Earlier, in January 2017, famous lawyer for his PILs, Advocate Mr. Manohar Lal Sharma, filled a PIL to regulate the unorganized NGOs ecosystem in the country. SC had asked the Centre to prepare guidelines to regulate NGOs and Voluntary Organisations after finding that nearly 30 lakh of them were operating in India.

In its order, the Court noted that substantial funding is allowed for NGOs and voluntary organisations. Further, Rules 210-212 of the General Financial Rules, 2005 provide for a regulation mechanism for NGOs, though the respondents are not aware of the same. The court noted,

“There are 32 lakh NGOs out of which nearly 3 lakh are filing balance sheets. The respondents are not aware of the responsibility of audit in the General Financial Rules…There can be no doubt that the funds disbursed by CAPART [to NGOs] is public money and needs to be accounted.”

It, therefore, directed the Centre to complete the exercise of audit and submit a report by March 31 this year. It was directed,

“In case of non-compliance, it is essential to initiate civil and criminal action immediately after the completion of the exercise.”

Most importantly, the Court also directed the Centre to lay down guidelines/rules for accreditation of NGOs, the manner in which they shall maintain accounts and auditing of the same.

Centre proposes stringent guidelines for NGOs and VOs requiring all existing ones to register afresh online with Niti Ayog‘s NGO-Darpan. The guidelines submitted by additional solicitor general Tushar Mehta to a bench headed by CJI J S Khehar required them to register afresh if they wish to get govt grants.
It said NGOs will be provided unique ID and subjected to income tax act and foreign contribution regulations act. Centre’s draft guidelines say NGOs/VOs past track record and performance will be put under scrutiny before grant of accreditation. The NGOs and VOs getting govt funds are required to execute a bond to refund the amount with 10% interest if work not done.

However, detailed draft copies of guidelines not available so that can not comment on in dept detail.

SC asked amicus curiae Rakesh Dwivedi to submit his suggestions on the draft guidelines in two weeks.

Accounting of Grants for NGOs

Do you know how Grant is presented in your NGOs Financial Statements? As REVENUE or as LIABILITY ? This is one of the crucial question regarding accounting of Grants for NGOs. Generally, we depend on the Chartered Accountants on how our Financial Statements are prepared and presented. Sometimes presentation of Financial Statements become misleading and serve no purpose.

Today we learn how to do accounting of grants for NGOs which is more appropriate in present days.

Introduction – Accounting of Grants for NGOs

There is no clarity Inida regarding how grants should be presented. We have Indian Accounting Standard 20 which mainly dealt with  accounting of Government Grants and not grants for specific projects from Funding Agencies. However, considering Indian Accounting Standards #20 and US Statement of Financial Accounting Standard #117, we can derive following three methods of presenting Grants in the Financial Statements.

Option A – Grants treated as Revenue

Here, we consider Grants Received as Revenue of the current year whether it is related to current year or for next years. Thus, when two years project is sanctioned and total grant received in the first year only, we treat full grant as income of first year. See below image to understand presentation in Financial Statements.

 

In this method, you can see above that unspent grant of Rs 40 clubbed in Income and Expenditure Account as “Excess of Income over Expenses” . Due to this, it becomes difficult to know what funds lying in the I/E Account. Check out the Balance Sheet where I/E Account show Rs. 50 which comprise of Unspent Grants and Other Income.

Option B – Grant treated as Liability

Here, it assumes that, grants and funds received for specific project, is the liability of organization and not Income. Thus whatever grant received, whether for current year or next years taken to Balance Sheet and considered as Liability. Expense from such grant then deducted from the liability and net amount shown in the Balance Sheet. Checkout below how Financial Statements look if we treat Grant as Liability.

In this method, Balance Sheet present correct financial position. However, Income and Expenditure does not show much revenue except income earned by NGOs like Non Specific Donations and Interest Income.

Option C – Best of the above Two

Due to limitations of both the above method, we should presented financial statements as per this hybrid method using best of both the above methods. In this method, we consider that much revenue for current year which actually spent during the year and remaining balance transfer to next year as “Unspent or Unutilized Grant”. Lets have a look, how the financial Statements presented under this method.

In this method, Income Expenditure Account and Balance Sheet showing correct information and in self explanatory manner.

Conclusion

In India, there is no such proforma available in any Act regarding presentation of Financial Statements of NGOs. Thus as per my opinion it is advisable to follow accounting of grants for ngos as per option C – Hybrid method, which is self explanatory and showing correct information.

Note – In all the above three methods, presentation of Receipts and Payment Accounts would not change.

For any questions or query hit the below comment section.