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Rotation of Board Members in NGO

Do your organization have “Board Rotation Policy” ? Many funding agency and corporate asking this question before giving funds. It sounds irrelevant, but it is not. Every donor wants 100% utilization of single rupee, he donates to you. And every donor wants that an NGO should have highly effective governance. Today let us discuss this issue of rotation of board members or trustees in NGO from various view points.

Is it Mandatory?

First and obvious question is about its legal implications. As, there are various acts in india under which an organization can be registered, there is no such specific rule regarding board member rotation and about timing. However, this issue is mostly addressed in the Trust Deed or Memorandum of NGO. If there is a clause in your Memorandum or Trust Deed regarding change or rotation of Board Members, you must follow it strictly.

Of-course, it is beneficial

It is not mandatory to rotate board members of NGO, but the benefits of such policy are very obvious that one should follow this practice. First and foremost, it shows good governance prevail in your NGOs, if you have rotation policy at regular interval. Second, it gives impression that, your NGO is having separate identity than only one or two individual founder members. It gives NGO more life span, when second generation leaders are trained this way.

Rotation or Change?

Depends upon the scenario and what mentioned in Trust Deed. However, only changing designation of same persons over years will definitely gives sense to Donor about just implementing policy on paper and not in true senses. Thus, it is better to have a proper policy for mixture of both rotation and change.

What is best “Board Rotation Policy”

The best policy is one which include robust period for the person to be in the board of the trust. Good boards should always have agreed terms of office so that there is a regular turnover of trustees and boards remain vibrant. Two terms of three years with a review at the end of the first term is fairly typical. NGOs should adopt this as best practice.

Let the world knows – Disclouser

Once you have a policy for board rotation in your NGO, it is best practice to put the same in your Annual Return under some Compliance or Good Practice page.

Hope this will help you in your NGO, if you have any question,  you can ask here or chat with us. Also your comments are welcome on the above subjects.

 

Change in objects of NGO – Whom to intimate?

Every NGO, whether registered as Trust or Society or Sec8 Company has very specific main objects. However, sometimes during the lifespan of trust, it need to change (add or modified) some of the objects already stated in the constitution of the NGO.  The question is to whom NGO should intimate regarding the change.

Registration Authority

Depending upon the entity, NGO should intimate to the authority under which it got registration originally. Suppose, NGO is registered as Trust under the Bombay Public Trust Act and Society Registration Act. Then, intimation should be sent to Charity Commissioner and Society Registrar. It is mandatory to intimate the authority.

FCRA Department

If NGO has FCRA registration, at the time of registration, nature of association is to be mentioned. There are five types of nature of association specified in the Act. They are Religious, Cultural, Economic, Educational, Social. It is advisable to check the registration certificate of FCRA where it is clearly mentioned. If NGO has change its objects and which is not mentioned in the registration certificate, NGO has to file Form FC6 regarding change of objects of the trust.

Income Tax Department

 

After the amendments in Income Tax Rules 2018, Income tax department has notified on 19.02.2018 ,If you are a registered charitable trust, society or a company registered u/s 8 of the Indian Companies Act 2013 and if you have changed or amended the objects of your organization, the Income tax Act 1961 now requires your organization to apply afresh for registration u/s 12A in the new online Form 10A. This must be done within “thirty days from the date of such adoption or modifications of the objects”.

Donor / Funding Agency

It is not mandatory, but advisable to even intimate about change in main objects of the trust to donors and Funding Agency. It is a good practice.

FC Grant Now exempt from Charity Contribution – Gujarat

Gujarat Government published in the Official Gazette on May 20, 2015 (Download it from here) regarding change in Gujarat Public Trust Act, 1950 and these rules may be called the “Bombay Public Trust (Gujarat) (Amendments) Rules, 2015. One of the major welcome change is to consider Foreign Grant as deduction for calculation of Charity Contribution.

Earlier, only local contribution/grants and government grants were allowed to deduct from amount liable to contribution. No such provision related to Foreign Grants deduction was there, because of old act since 1950 and never amended thereafter.

Change in Balance Sheet and Income Expenditure format –

Schedule VIII related to Balance Sheet and major change is to show balance in FCRA Bank account separately. Have a look –

charitybS

Schedule IX is related to Income and Expenditure Account  and major change is to show Grants in Foreign Money  separately. Have a look –

charityIE

Change in Schedule IX-C – Statement showing amount Liable to Contribution –

Major relief comes here, where it is notified in this revised schedule of IX-C, that Grant and Donation under FCRA is not chargeable to contribution under section 58 and rule 32. Lets have a look –

charity9C

From when it is applicable –

As no date specified in the official gazette, we interpret that any Statements prepared after May 20, 2015 (date of notification) must be prepared as per this new format.

NGO Regulatory Authority in india

In India, Non Government Organization or Non Profit Organization can be registered under any legal entity. Mainly following entities are prevails in India –

  • Proprietary Concern
  • Partnership Firm
  • HUF
  • Company
  • Association of Persons, which includes – Trust, Society, Union, Institute etc…

NGO Regulatory Authority in India

For NGO or NPO, mainly three separate entity status possible, either registered as company, trust or society. These three have their own benefit and disadvantages. Different legal status regulated by different legal acts and laws in India. Lets look at the various NGO regulatory authority in India :

 Legal Status Act Aply Remarks
Company NGO can be registered as company under Section 8 of The Companies Act, 2013 Earlier it was Section 25 of The Companies Act, 1956
Trust NGO can be registered as trust under Indian Trust Act, 1882 However, every state has its own Trust Act. Like in Maharshtra and Gujarat, The Bombay Public Trust Act, 1950
Society NGO can be registered as Society under The Societies Registration  Act, 1860 However, every state has its own Act. Like in Gujarat, The Gujarat Co-operative Societies Act, 1962

Summary

Once NGO is registered under any of the above statute, there are number of other registration has to be taken depending on the need and requirements, e.g Sec 12A exemption, 80G certificate, FCRA registration, 35AC exemption registration and so forth.

Hope this will help you in your NGO, if you have any question, you can ask here or chat with us. Also your comments are welcome on the above subjects.